Perdagangan Internasional Dalam Pandangan Islam (Studi Kritik Terhadap Sistem Perdagangan Internasional Pada Organisasi WTO)
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Keywords

International Trade
System
Islamic Economy
World Trade Organization

Abstract

The scope of this research is to discuss the similarities and differences as well as criticism of the principles and systems of international trade in the World Trade Organization within the framework of an Islamic perspective. The objectives of this study are: 1) to determine the system characteristics and principles of international trade from an Islamic perspective. 2) to find out the similarities and differences in the systems and principles that exist in the World Trade Organization and from an Islamic perspective. 3) criticism of the systems and principles of international trade that exist in the World Trade Organization from an Islamic perspective. The method in this study uses two methods with a qualitative approach: 1) the method of observation by increasing the number of literature books. 2) the documentary method collects many sources related to international trade both in the World Trade Organization and in the Islamic economy. The data collection technique is done by in-depth observation and documentation. The data obtained were analyzed by means of: deductive (deductive method), inductive (inductive method), and comparative descriptive analysis (analytic descriptive comparative method). The results showed that Islam actually adheres to the concept of bound trade, namely freedom based on justice, religious and ethical rules. The characteristics that are in accordance with Islamic trading include: (1) Enforcing trade with goods that are not haram, (2) Being right, trustworthy, and honest; (3) Upholding justice and forbidding flowers; (4) Upholding love, advice, and prohibiting monopoly to multiply personal gain; (5) Principled that trade is a provision for the hereafter.

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